The African catfish Clarias gariepinus is one of the most suitable species for aquaculture in Africa.
Since the 1970s it has been considered to hold great promise for fish farming in Africa.
The African catfish has a high growth rate, is very resistant to handling and stress, and is very well appreciated in a wide number of African countries, including Nigeria (where it is often referred to as lungfish).
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Catfish Farming In Nigeria – Why Catfish Farming Is Well Loved
Below is an extract of the article that came with the video
Lungfish to Lagos – Nigeria
Fish are an important source of both food and income to many people in developing countries.
In Africa, as much as 5 per cent of the population – some 35 million people – depend wholly or partly on fisheries for their livelihood.
While fisheries based on species that are presently exploited seem to have reached their natural limits, there is considerable potential to expand inland fisheries in Africa to improve food security.
In Nigeria, the rearing of African catfish is proving to be a lucrative option for small-scale inland fisheries.
The history of aquaculture in sub-Saharan Africa is relatively recent, with most known aquaculture systems introduced over the past 35 years.
During the 1960s, aquaculture development regressed sharply. Most ponds were abandoned because of the limited security of land tenures, reluctance of farmers to adopt technology, labour shortages, drought, and political unrest.
Following increased technical and financial assistance from government and non-government donors, aquaculture began to regain its development path from the 1970s onwards. The continent contributes only 0.2 per cent of total global aquaculture production. Extensive to semi-intensive cultural systems produce limited fish yields, which are mostly consumed directly, bartered or sold locally as a cash crop. Most fish farming is carried out by rural small-scale operators, in small freshwater ponds and as a secondary activity to agriculture.
There is therefore still a great deal of unmet potential for African aquaculture.
It has been estimated that about 31 per cent of the land area in Africa is potentially suitable for warm-water fish farming on a small-scale level, and that about 13 per cent of the land area is suitable for commercial farming.
An increase in pond surface area per farm would provide a significant increase in fish production. Thus, inland-water fish farming could play an increasingly important role in filling the gap between fish demand and supply.
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